Peace deal between the Afghan Taliban and the United States: expectations and fears

اطلاعات ہیں کہ امریکا اور افغان طالبان ایک حتمی امن سمجھوتے پر دستخط کریں گے۔ اس ڈیل کے بعد کی صورت حال پر ابھی بھی دھند چھائی ہے کہ آیا حقیقی امن کا قیام ممکن ہے۔ امن ڈیل سے ایسی امیدوں کو تقویت حاصل ہوئی ہے کہ امریکا کی طویل ترین جنگ اپنے منطقی انجام کو پہنچنے والی ہے۔ اب اس ڈیل پر دستخط کیے جانے سے قبل سات روزہ تشدد ختم کرنے کے عبوری معاہدے پر سب کی نگاہیں جمی ہوئی ہیں کہ ان ایام میں جنگ بندی کا احترام ہی مستقبل کے امن معاہدے کا رخ متعین کرے گا۔ یہ بھی سوال گردش میں ہے کہ اگر کوئی عسکریت پسند بارودی جیکٹ کو دارالحکومت کابل میں پہنچ کر اڑا دے اور کئی انسانی جانیں اس کی لپیٹ میں آ جائیں تو امریکی رد عمل کیا ہو گا۔ اسی طرح اگر امریکی جنگی جہاز ‘اسلامک اسٹیٹ‘ کے ٹھکانوں پر بمباری کریں تو پھر طالبان کا جواب کیا ہو گا۔ اس سات روزہ عبوری ڈیل پر عمل شروع ہو گیا ہے۔

Javed Faisal, spokesman for the Afghan National Security Council, also confirmed that initially the consensus was for seven days. The breakthrough comes at a time when a peace agreement between Washington and the Afghan Taliban has been announced to date. Direct talks between US officials and the Taliban began in 2018. The overall situation poses a challenge for the parties because there are some elements that are not supportive of the ceasefire, says Seth Jones, senior adviser to the US Think Tank Center for Strategic and International Studies. According to Jones, such elements include some Taliban insurgents, Haqqani network and local militia commanders. They also say that any decision will be taken by looking at the violence at the individual level during the interim ceasefire. Timely information on US military and intelligence agencies when violent situations arise

US officials also made clear that there were elements that could damage the peace deal. According to him, such circles are in the ranks of the Afghan Taliban. After the signing of the seven-day interim deal and then the peace deal, US military officials, Afghan officials and the Taliban will jointly monitor the security situation through one-on-one contact and communicate in any unusual situation. Will be able to US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and the Taliban have confirmed in a statement that the date for signing the peace agreement has been agreed with the Freqin. The peace agreement will be signed in Doha, the capital of the Gulf state of Qatar. Pompeo said the deal would move forward after the deal was signed and could result in talks between the Afghan Taliban and the Kabul government.

Courtesy DW Urdu

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